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Ukraine Schengen Agreement

In 1999, the United Kingdom formally requested participation in certain provisions of the Schengen acquis – Title III on police security and judicial cooperation – and in 1999 this request was approved by the Council of the European Union on 29 May 2000. [102] The UK`s formal participation in previously approved areas of cooperation was implemented by a 2004 Council Decision, which entered into force on 1 January 2005. [103] Although the UK was not part of the passport-free Schengen area,[104] it nevertheless used the Schengen Information System, a government database used by European countries to store and disseminate information about individuals and goods. This has allowed the UK to exchange information with countries that are part of the Schengen Agreement, often to agree on legal proceedings. [105] In 2020, the United Kingdom stated that it would withdraw from these agreements at the end of its transition period. Originally, the Schengen area had its legal basis outside the Then European Economic Community, having been created by a subset of Community Member States using two international agreements: ten local transport agreements entered into force until June 2017 [update]. In many border crossings, there are special routes for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens (and their family members) and other routes for all travellers, regardless of nationality. [217] In some border crossing points, there is a third type of route for Annex II nationals (third-country/EEA/Swiss visa-exempt nationals). [218] Although Andorran and San Marines citizens are not EU or EEA citizens, they can nevertheless use the special routes provided for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens. [219] After Brexit, British citizens will not be able to use the EU track in the current state of the rules, unless such a right is negotiated in the Brexit agreement with the EU. Visa liberalisation negotiations between the EU and the Western Balkans (excluding Kosovo) started in the first half of 2008 and were completed in 2009 (for Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia) and 2010 (for Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina).

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