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The Munich Agreement Definition

One aspect of the huge riots of the past two weeks must touch anyone looking at its history. In the three most powerful states of Central and Eastern Europe, the peoples should not know what has been said and done outside. It seems that there has been very little news in Russia. In Germany and Italy, news was deliberately falsified if it was not repressed. The German people must not have known about President Roosevelt`s embassy. The Italian people were led to believe that Chamberlain agreed with Hitler and that he was only anxious to put pressure on Benes. One of his speeches gave them an erroneous version. On 22 September, Chamberlain, who was about to take his plane to Germany for further talks in Bad Godesberg, told the press that met him there: “My goal is peace in Europe, I believe this journey is the way to that peace.” [32] Chamberlain came to Cologne where he was generously welcomed with a German band playing “God Save the King” and Germans giving flowers and gifts to Chamberlain. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all the Sudetenland, without reduction, would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler found out, he replied, “Does this mean that the Allies agree with the Prague agreement on handing over the Sudetenland to Germany?” Chamberlain replied, “Exactly,” to which Hitler responded by shaking his head, saying that the Allied offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take or leave them. [32] Chamberlain was shocked by this statement.

[32] Hitler continued to tell Chamberlain that, since his last meeting on the 15th, the actions of Czechoslovakia, which Hitler claimed belonged to assassinations of Germans, had made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] Faced with tense tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovak government, Beneš offered, on the 15th in exchange for a German agreement to host 1.5 to 2.0 million Sudeten Germans that would distribute Czechoslovakia, on September 1, 1938, 6,000 square kilometers (2,300 square miles) to Czechoslovakia. . . .

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